On April 13, 2017, the Canadian Federal Government introduced the first draft of the Cannabis Act setting out the federal regulatory framework for legalization of cannabis for non-medical purposes, including personal possession limitations, minimum age requirements, authorization for personal production and restrictions on the locations for cannabis consumption. Since its introduction, the Cannabis Act has been passed by the House of Commons and has been sent to the Senate for approval.
The Cannabis Act reserved significant discretion for the provinces with respect to the distribution, sale and retailing of cannabis. Only Ontario, British Columbia, Alberta, Québec, and New Brunswick have introduced cannabis regulations; however, every province and territory, other than Nunavut, has made an announcement regarding plans for regulating recreational cannabis.
This article provides a detailed look at the state of the law surrounding the production, selling, purchasing and consumption of cannabis across Canada, including: